Nuchal Cord Definition

Nuchal Cord, also known as True Knot, is a condition that can occur during pregnancy when the umbilical cord becomes entangled around the baby’s neck. This can happen either before or during labor and delivery. Nuchal cords are more common than you might think, occurring in about 1 in 3 pregnancies.  Risk Factors and Complications There are several risk factors associated with nuchal cord development. These include: Advanced maternal age (35 years or older) Obesity Smoking Diabetes Use of assisted […]


Hypnobirthing Definition

Hypnobirthing, also known as the “Mongan Method” or “Mind-Body Birthing”, is a term used in the pregnancy and birthing industry to describe a particular approach to childbirth. This natural childbirth method is said to be based on the belief that the mind can have a powerful influence on the body and, specifically, on the birthing process. It involves giving birth in a state of deep relaxation. This state is achieved through various means, including visualization and breathing exercises. The purpose […]


Oligohydramnios Definition

Oligohydramnios, also known as low amniotic fluid, is a condition that can occur during pregnancy. It is characterized by a decrease in the amount of amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus. Amniotic fluid is important for fetal development and helps to protect the fetus from infection and trauma. It can occur at any point during pregnancy, but is most common in the third trimester. Causes There are a number of different causes of oligohydramnios, including: Placental insufficiency: This occurs when the […]


Threatened Miscarriage Definition

A threatened miscarriage is when you experience symptoms that suggest that you may miscarry, but the pregnancy is still viable. This can happen in the early stages of pregnancy, before you even know you’re pregnant. Symptoms of a threatened miscarriage include vaginal bleeding and cramping. The bleeding may be light or heavy, and it may or may not be accompanied by clots. The cramping may be mild or severe. In most cases, a threatened miscarriage will resolve on its own […]


Hegar’s Sign Definition

Hegar’s sign, also known as Hegar’s sign of pregnancy, is a sign used to confirm pregnancy, typically occurring between the sixth and eighth weeks of gestation, and is also used to estimate gestational age. It is characterized by the softening of the lower uterine segment and cervical dilatation in response to pressure from the growing fetus. Hegar’s Sign was first described in 1879 by German gynecologist Ernst Heinrich Georg August Ludwig Hegar. It is named after him. The exact cause […]


Protracted Labor Definition

Protracted labor is a term used in the pregnancy and birthing industry to describe a particularly long and difficult labor. It is characterized by a slow or stalled dilation of the cervix, often accompanied by strong and painful contractions. Protracted labor can be caused by a number of factors, including a large baby, an unusually shaped pelvis, the mother’s pelvis being small, the muscles of the uterus not contracting effectively,  or problems with the positioning of the baby. Protracted labor […]


Effacement Definition

Effacement is a term used in the pregnancy and birthing industry to describe the thinning and stretching of the cervix during pregnancy. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Effacement occurs when the cervix stretches and thins out in preparation for labor and delivery. This process begins in early labor and can take several hours or days. The causes of effacement are not fully understood, but it is thought to be caused […]


Uterus Definition

Uterus (or womb) is a female reproductive organ in which a baby grows during pregnancy. The uterus is a muscular organ that is located in the pelvis, just behind the bladder. It is held in place by ligaments that attach it to the pelvic bones. The average size of a uterus is about 3 inches wide and 5 inches long. The main function of the uterus is to provide a place for the developing fetus to grow and develop. The […]

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Montgomery’s Tubercles Definition

Montgomery’s tubercles are small, raised bumps that appear on the areola (the dark area around the nipple) during pregnancy. They are caused by an increase in the hormone levels and are perfectly normal. These bumps are sebaceous glands that help to lubricate the areola and keep it from cracking and irritation during breastfeeding.  Montgomery’s tubercles typically disappear after pregnancy and breastfeeding has ended. However, some women may experience them permanently. There is no need for concern if you have Montgomery’s […]


Sitz Bath Definition

A sitz bath, also known as a hip bath, is a shallow bath used to relieve discomfort in the lower abdomen, pelvis, or perineum. The term sitz baths can be used to refer to any type of hip bath, but it is most commonly used to describe a soaking tub that fits over a toilet seat.  A sitz bath typically consists of a tub of warm water that is deep enough to cover the hips and buttocks. The person sits […]