Macrosomia Definition

Macrosomia is a medical term used to describe an unusually large baby. It is generally defined as a birth weight of more than 8 pounds 13 ounces (4,000 grams). The average birth weight in the United States is about 7 pounds 3 ounces (3,300 grams). There are several factors that can contribute to macrosomia, including gestational diabetes, maternal obesity, advanced maternal age, and certain medications. Additionally, certain ethnic groups are more likely to have babies with macrosomia, such as Hispanic […]

Bishop Score Definition

Bishop score is a term used to measure the dilation and effacement of the cervix during labor. The Bishop Score ranges from 0-10, with 0 being completely closed and 10 being fully open. A higher Bishop Score means that the cervix is more dilated and effaced. This image shows how often the term ‘Bishop Score’ is used in relation to other, similar birth terms: The Bishop Score is often used as a predictor of how likely it is for a […]

General Practitioner Definition

In the birthing industry, General practitioner is a term used to describe a healthcare professional who provides basic care to pregnant women and discusses plans about your pregnancy and can refer you to any public or private hospital and birthing center, most women when they feel like they’re pregnant they sometimes go first to GP before going to Obstetricians, midwife or any other doctor who specializes in Pregnancy and birth care. On the other hand, General practitioners specialize in family […]

Grunting Definition

Grunting refers to a sound that is produced by newborns upon birth, most often as a result of the air passing through their vocal cords. Aside from that, grunting is usually associated with digestion in newborns. Your baby is gradually getting used to the mother’s milk or formula. This noise is often described as a “gruff” or “raspy” sound, and it can vary in pitch and intensity. While all babies grunt to some degree, grunting newborns are generally considered those […]

Perenial Massage Definition

Perineal massage is a form of stimulation that involves stretching and manipulating the perineal tissue with one or two fingers. It aims to prepare these tissues for stretching over your baby’s head and body during vaginal delivery. It’s essential to note that before performing this massage, you spoke with your midwife, then you can perform perenial massage on your own or with the assistance of your spouse. This image shows how often the term ‘Perenial Massage’ is used in relation […]

Perinatologist Definition

Perinatologist is a term used to describe a specialist who provides care for pregnant women and their fetuses during the late stages of pregnancy and during labor and delivery. The term may also be used outside of the birth industry to describe a specialist in the care of premature or ill infants. In addition, Perinatology is a relatively new medical specialty that combines the fields of Obstetrics and Neonatology. It is a sub-specialty of Pediatrics that focuses on the care […]

Laceration Definition

In the birth industry, laceration refers to a cut or tear to the cervix, perineum vagina, or labia as a result of pregnancy and childbirth. These types of injuries can occur during childbirth when the baby’s head comes out of the vagina. Lacerations can also be caused by fingers, instruments, or other objects that are inserted into the vagina. It can also refer to a cut or tear to the infant’s scalp, face, or body as a result of a […]


Primigravida Definition

Primigravida is defined as a woman who is pregnant for the first time, derived from the word ‘Primi’ which means first, and the word ‘gravida’ means pregnancy. While the terms “primigravida,” “pregnant,” and “mother” are often used interchangeably, it is important to understand the specific definitions of each term in order to avoid confusion. Primigravida specifically refers to a woman who is pregnant for the first time, while pregnant generally refers to any woman who is carrying a child. The […]


Multipara Definition

Multipara is a woman who has had two or more viable deliveries. This term may be used whether or not the infant survives birth. To be considered a viable pregnancy, the gestation must endure at least 20 weeks. Multipara is often confused with Multigravida, which is a woman who is pregnant more than once regardless of the result. However, Multipara specifically refers to a woman who has given birth to two or more children. Other than Multigravida, these are some […]

Squat Bar

Squat Bar Definition

A squat bar is a piece of equipment that is used to help the mother in labor to achieve a squatting position. This position is said to be more beneficial than other positions in helping the baby to descend through the birth canal. The squat bar may also be called a delivery bar, labor bar, or birthing bar. Squat Bar vs. Birthing Stool Squat bar is somehow closely related to the term birthing stool, which is a piece of furniture […]