Birth Definitions

Primigravida Definition


Primigravida is defined as a woman who is pregnant for the first time, derived from the word ‘Primi’ which means first, and the word ‘gravida’ means pregnancy.

While the terms “primigravida,” “pregnant,” and “mother” are often used interchangeably, it is important to understand the specific definitions of each term in order to avoid confusion. Primigravida specifically refers to a woman who is pregnant for the first time, while pregnant generally refers to any woman who is carrying a child. The term Mother can be used to refer to any woman who has given birth, regardless of how many times she has given birth.


Furthermore, Primigravida is closely or somehow related to the word “primipara,” which is also defined as a woman who has given birth to one child, but primipara specifically refers to the first childbirth.

Other Similar Terms

Some other similar terms of Primigravida that are commonly used in the birth industry are Nulligravida, Multigravida, Multipara.

  • Nulligravida- refers to a woman who has never been pregnant.
  • Multigravida- refers to a woman who is pregnant for the second time or more.
  • Multipara- refers to a woman who has given birth to two or more children.

This image shows how often the term ‘Primigravida’ is used in relation to other, similar birth terms:


Primigravida Complications

There are a number of risks and complications that can occur during a woman’s first pregnancy, especially to an elderly primigravida, which means those women who are pregnant at age 35 or older. Some common complications include:

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Miscarriage
  • Preterm labor
  • Preeclampsia
  • Postpartum hemorrhage

The good news is that with early detection and proper management, most of these complications can be avoided or treated. That is why it is very important to be aware of the risks and to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider.

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